South Sudan DDR Commission is leading the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) program in Republic of South Sudan, which is an integral element of Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement from 2005. The program targets 90,000 combatants and women associated with armed groups (WAAF) from the SPLA in South Sudan and 90,000 combatants and WAAF from the SAF in North Sudan.
The DDR program is planned and implemented in association with many partners and stakeholders. The most important of them are SPLA, Government Ministries and Commissions, National Civil Organizations and International Organizations, including UNMIS, UNDP, UNICEF and funding partners.
In its simplest terms, DDR stands for the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration of military personnel into civilian life following the end of hostilities.
The DDR process is conducted in three phases. First, combatants and other individuals linked to the military are dispossessed of their weapons (Disarmament). Next, they are discharged from the military (Demobilization).
Reintegration, the third and final phase, helps demobilized persons to be able to support themselves in the long term, through providing them with the skills and support to enable them to earn an income in civilian life.
Based on the particular characteristics of the post-conflict environment, DDR may also include such elements as Repatriation, Reinsertion, Reconciliation, etc. If such additional elements are included, the term 'DDR' is still applied.
DDR in Sudan focuses on the reintegration only of those constituting part of the organized forces - Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF).
However, the program should link with other national recovery and priority programs aimed at returnees, internally displaced people and host communities. This includes initiatives to reduce the numbers of small arms and light weapons in civilian hands.
Left: Ex-combatants practicing at GTZ Multi-Training Center in Juba