DDR in South Sudan
See also: Publications
Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in 2005 and ending a 21-year war between North and South Sudan, both signatories agreed to downsize and streamline their forces through Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR).
In line with the ‘one country, two systems’ approach, it was agreed that Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA) are each independently responsible for identifying 90,000 personnel for DDR within their respective ranks. This means that 180,000 will be removed from the military payrolls nationally.
These personnel include: both male and female fighters; members of Special Needs Groups (SNGs) from within the ranks, which include: child soldiers; elderly personnel; the war wounded and disabled; and women associated with armed forces (WAAF). In South Sudan, DDR will be carried out in phases; the first group to undergo DDR consists of a total of 35,000 special needs group candidates.