Key Messages

A. DEFINITIONS

1. What DDR is

DDR is a Government Programme that supports soldiers of SPLA and SAF who have been selected or who may volunteer to become civilians.

2. What is Disarmament?

Disarming is when soldiers give up their guns to the SPLA/ SAF before joining the DDR Programme.

3. What is Demobilization?

It is the day soldiers exit from SPLA/SAF and become civilians.

Soldiers receive benefits including WFP food for a period of three (3) months, Medical and Disability Screening and a one time payment of 860 SDG.

4. What Is Reintegration

It is the process of transforming former soldiers into civilians. Support services consist of training, start-up materials and follow-up services.

5. DDR promotes peace

DDR is a plan to support peace as called for in the CPA agreement.  Keeping a large amount of soldiers does not stop war returning but reducing the SPLA and training the soldiers in new careers helps keep South Sudan peaceful.

6. DDR helps South Sudan develop

Smaller army means smaller payroll, and money released for important development needs in South Sudan. This will help the wealth of South Sudan to be more sustainable not just for the coming year but for future generations too.

 

MISTAKEN IDEAS

7. DDR does NOT take guns from civilians

Taking guns from civilians is a separate government programme.

In South Sudan all guns need a licence, illegal guns will be taken and no money is given in return.

DDR = SPLA is turning soldiers into civilians

CSAC= Community Security and Arms Control who take illegal guns from civilians


8. Former soldiers with disabilities

Disabled soldiers get exactly the same training and packages as able-bodied DDR candidates.  Disabled soldiers receive extra support if required including prosthetics, physical therapy and access to other health services.

9. DDR is not a pension scheme

It is hoped that there will be a pension scheme in the future for former soldiers but this is not covered by DDR. Any moneys received are one-off payments or for a fixed time.

10. DDR different to salary by SPLA

The DDR programme does not provide SPLA salary but instead it provides skills to earn a living as a civilian.  These skills can include agriculture, looking after animals, carpentry, bricklaying, phone kiosk or tea stalls.

11. Career change

Changing your career is not going to be easy.   Please ask for help which is given at the time you exit the SPLA or when you train for a new career / small business.

12. Start-up business kit and tools - Equal value

Every person will be given a start up kit and there is no possibility for cash instead.  To provide training across South Sudan there is more than one partner for Reintegration.  Every kit is equal in value.

13. Reintegration do not provide land/ buildings/ kiosks

Reintegration is training to help DDR participants to earn money to provide for their families in the future.   The DDR programme does not provide land, buildings or make kiosks.

14. Communities can help

Communities can help by being supportive towards these returning heroes and heroines when they leave the SPLA so that South Sudan can grow together as citizens.

15. DDR for Men

Men can only join the DDR programme if they are soldiers with the SPLA.

Men are not eligible to join the DDR programme as WAAF – these are Women Associated with Armed Forces – this option applies for Women only.

16. DDR for Women

Women can join the DDR programme as soldiers or as Women Associated with Armed Forces (WAAF).

The women who assisted  during the war as unpaid nurses, cooks and helpers can join the DDR programme.

17. Child “Soldiers” - Children Associated with Armed Forces (CAAF)

The SPLA has agreed to remove all children under the age of 18 from the military.  The Southern Sudan DDR Commission and UNICEF work with partners to support these children through counselling, training or education.

18. Referendum

Whether the country unites or chooses to separate in the Referendum, DDR will continue.