The Process of D, D and R


  • DDR stands for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration. It is the process by which former fighters are removed from the army and assisted to reintegrate into their civilian communities.
  • SSDDRC, working with SPLA, international agencies and NGOs, will demobilize 90,000 ex‐combatants in Southern Sudan. The same number will be demobilized in Northern Sudan.
  • The DDR programme began in Juba, Southern Sudan on 10th June 2009. It will continue until all 90,000 identified DDR candidates have completed the process and have been reintegrated into civilian life.
  • The first group to be demobilized will be from Special Needs Groups, including elderly combatants, women soldiers below the rank of officer, disabled fighters, the sick and non‐combat support personnel who are on the SPLA payroll.
  • DDR focuses on providing ex‐combatants with the skills they require to make a success of civilian life, to help support themselves and their families in the future.
  • DDR also provides short‐term support to ex‐combatants as they make the transition from soldier to civilian life. This takes the form of food rations for a family of five for 3 months, a basic kit of non‐food items, plus a grant of just 860 SDG to help with transportation home.



  • DDR does NOT pay pensions and salaries to ex‐combatants. Pensions for ex‐combatants are the responsibility of SPLA along with the Government of Southern Sudan. The SPLA Pensions Bill will be dealt with by the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA). Ex‐combatants who join DDR will not lose out ‐ it is expected that they will receive their SPLA pensions once they are available. DDR certainly cannot afford to employ 90,000 ex‐combatants! The process exists to provide this group with the skills they need to earn an independent living outside SPLA.
  • DDR pays ex‐combatants a small cash lump sum to help with transport; it does NOT build them a house or provide them with land. The DDR process pays only a small amount of cash to cover transport costs for ex‐combatants. There is no budget to provide land or build houses. The programme concentrates on providing training packages so ex‐combatants can provide an income for their families.
  • It is envisaged that DDR will support the SPLA to demobilize and disarm combatants so as to stabilize security in the community. DDR will support SPLA by assisting in the process of streamlining and modernization as set out in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). This happens by removing many non‐combatants from the payroll which helps the SPLA become more effective as an army. Once ex‐combatants are back in their communities, their more disciplined attitude should actually help to reduce the level of conflict caused by guns in civilian hands.