The New DDR Programme is the ‘Engine’ of Transformation of National Army and Organized Services

The New DDR Programme is the ‘Engine’ of Transformation of National Army and Organized Services

The Government of the Republic of South Sudan through the Chair of the National DDR Council, H. E. Vice the President  Dr. Riek Machar Teny, has geared up the transformation of the National Army (SSAF/SPLA) and Organized Services: the Police, Wildlife, Fire Brigades and Prisons. In addition to announcing April 15th, 2013 as launch date for the Pilot Phase in Mapel, the Government has passed other important resolutions to ensure the new DDR Programme is launched on schedule.

Firstly, the financial contribution by the Government for operationalization of Mapel Transition Facility has been approved. After discussions in three forums of Specialized Technical Committee of the DDR Council, South Sudan’s Economic clusters, and the DDR Council; it was ascertained that DDR Programme is vital for the socio-economic development and peace of the young Nation that the roll-out (launch) cannot delay despite the country new competing priorities.

The launch and implementation of the new DDR Programme will be based on the ‘Harmonized DDR Strategy’, which has been formally adapted by the Council as national DDR Programme framework. The Strategy encompasses the DDR plans of four security institutions: National Security, Ministry of Defence and Veteran Affairs (MoD & VA), Ministry of Interior, and Ministry of Wildlife Conservation & Tourism. National DDR Commission will technically support the four institutions in the planning and the implementation of the Programme.

The Harmonized DDR Strategy emphasizes the importance of intensive public information/sensitization on the DDR Programme to all stakeholders including the SPLA and National Organized Services, National legislative Assembly as well as the general public. The assembly areas would be among the venues where DDR candidates will be sensitized on the DDR Programme. MoD & VA has over 37,000 personnel in the assembly areas whom the National DDR Commission in collaboration with the Ministry will design the orientation programme.

As the four security institutions were tasked with the design of common DDR Strategy, the line ministries have been instructed by the Government to come up with their in-kinds contribution toward the new DDR Programme. Each line ministry will appoint DDR Focal person who will work with DDR technical expert to catalogue ‘reintegration matrix’ – opportunities to enhance sustainable reintegration of ex-combatants. The matrix will detail estimate costs, timeline and human resources needed to fast tract and implement these opportunities.

As formulated in the new DDR Programme, the Government of the Republic of South Sudan takes national ownership and leadership of the Programme, which is envisioned to foster socio-economic development and sustainable peace.