Michael Malual

A  South Sudanese by nationality from Jonglei state, Dinka by tribe and born in January 1977, Michael Malual Wuor was employed by NDDRC in 2007 as a Reintegration officer and since February 2010 he has acted as the State Coordinator in Jonglei office.

Michael Wuor is a professional counselor by background. He has worked in different fields and served in various positions with many international organizations, such as Lutheran World Federation, IRC, GTZ and Jesuit Refugees Service.


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Brief History

Jonglei is the largest among the ten states of  South Sudan and it is the area of origin of the second Sudanese civil war that began in 1983 in Bor town

started as a district under the administration of Upper Nile province in old Sudan and it was headed by a Commissioner.



The state covers an area of 1.3 square km consisting of eleven counties.

Jonglei is bordering Ethiopia in the east, Unity state at the north east, Upper Nile state north east, Kenya in the south, Eastern Equatoria in the south east, Central Equatoria in the west and Lakes state in the north.



Jonglei state is inhabited by six Nilotic ethnic groups, namely Nuer, Dinka, Anyuak, Murle, Kachipo and Jieh. The population of Jonglei is 1.2 million (according to the disputed 2008 census results).



The socio-economics of Jonglei state relies mainly on agro-pastoralist and fishing communities, the main livelihood activities being farming, cattle keeping, fishing, hunting and trading, among others.



The state has two major seasons known as the dry and wet seasons. The dry season has a cooler and a warmer period. The average annual rainfall during the wet season, usually 7-8 months per year, is 400-110mm.


Political/traditional leadership

In Nuer, Dinka, Murle and Kachipo cultures the communities are traditionally governed by the head of the clan, followed by elders. Jieh and Anyuak communities are headed by a king.



The communities have strong cultural roots and most of their activities are dominated by traditional practices such as initiations, inter-marriage and wife inheritance when a brother passes away.


For instance, in Nuer community the initiation is done through tattooing and removing of lower teeth for any boy or a girl to be qualified to adulthood, whilst in the Dinka culture, in addition to these practices, the male must kill a bull in order to be promoted from childhood to adulthood.



The most dominating religions in the state are Christianity and African traditional religions. Jonglei has a minority of Muslims.


Eleven counties of Jonglei

  • Bor county
  • Twice East county
  • Duk county
  • Ayod county
  • Nyirol county
  • Uror county
  • Akobo county
  • Fangak county
  • Pigi county
  • Pibor county
  • Pochall county