Northern Bahr El Ghazal
Wilson Lual Lual
South Sudanese by nationality, Born in 1977 in Aweil town, Northern Bahr el Ghazal state. He has served with government and International NGOS in various progressive management levels, worked with SSCCSE as Principal state trainer and cartographic mapping state coordinator for three years 2006-2009, also as Agric-extension worker and promoted to supervisor with TEARFUND for four years (2001-2005). He holds certificates in Agri-business, in Agric-extension, in Geological technology, in Training of Trainers plus numerous workshop certificates and Diploma in Business Administration.
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Northern Bahr El Ghazal State is one of the twenty six states in Sudan under the Government of Southern Sudan. Lt. General Paul Malong Awan is the governor who came in to power for the second time through Sudan 2010 elections. It borders South Darfur to the North, Western Bahr El Ghazal to the south west, Warrap and Abyei to the East.
Because of its proximity to Kordofan with passing of railway line through it to Wau, it suffered extensively in the recent ended civil war in Sudan. Northern Bahr El Ghazal and adjacent parts of Western Kordofan to the North are among the politically sensitive regions in Sudan. Missiriya Arabs from Kordofan have interacted with Dinka in this region for a long time. While relations were largely peaceful, the recent war saw an upsurge in hostilities. Government of Sudan backing to Missiriya gave them a decided advantage over Dinka groups. Raiding of Mu’rahleen government militias; full of considerable loss of civilian life, widespread abduction and pillaging of Dinka villages on top of political marginalisation explains the reason of initial enrolment of the current DDR Ex-combatants in Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
It covers an area of approximately 30543.34 (sq km) with a population density covering about 23.60 km2. It is the second least densely populated state in South Sudan, its time zone is EAT (UTC+3). There two seasons; wet (from late April –late Oct.) and one dry (early Nov-late Apr) season.
Northern Bahr El Ghazal is the sixth most populous States in South Sudan according to 2009 controversial census. It is made up of five counties with population of 720,898 people. The state is dominantly inhabited by the Dinka ethnic group that spreads across four counties and one minority ethnic group of Luo occupying the large part of (Aroyo) county, the counties are below with their population sizes:
- Aweil North-129,127
- Aweil east-309,921
- Aweil south-73,806
- Aweil west-166,217
- Aweil centre-41827
The socio economic type of all these counties is largely agro pastoral.
2011 work plan
SSDDRC Northern Bahr el Ghazal is reintegrating untill August 2011 a number of 3129 ex combatants, of whom 285 were demobilised in Mangalla Central Equatoria, which launched June in 2009 and 2844 demobilised in Aweil-Northern Bahr el Ghazal; which launched on 26 June 2010 - 29 October 2010 with favourable outcome of 2011 January 9th Referendum.