Upper Nile

 

 

 

STATE COORDINATOR

David Jal Nyang

The NDDRC state Director for Upper Nile State office Mr. David Jal Nyang, South Sudanese by birth and nationality, born in 1969 in Nasser county.

Educated in Panjak primary school, Jur river intermediate school, St. Augustine and Comboni college Secondary schools. In the year 1997 he earned three years diploma in Faculty of economics and administrative science, Omdurman Ahlia university, Khartoum.

Since he joined the NDDRC in the year 2007, David attended several trainings inside and outside South Sudan on DDR program  as well as in administration and finance.

In the year 2000-2006, he worked as inspector of accounts in the ministry of finance and economic planning, Upper Nile state, Malakal.in the second half of year 2006 and the first quarter of the year 2007, worked for ADRA Sudan as logistic officer and way station manager, Upper Nile state, Malakal office. In May, 2007, David joined NDDRC as admin. and finance support officer  and then  he was appointed  in Sept. 2009 as state Director  for Upper Nile state office .

 

THE BACK GROUND OF THE STATE;

It was a former Upper Nile province in the colonial administration of Anglo-Egyptian rule in Sudan during the nineteen century. In 1983, it became a Upper Nile region  when the former president of the Republic of Sudan Jaaper Mohmmed Nimeri introduced the regionalization in Southern Sudan in which he divided the South in to three regions; Upper Nile, Bahr Ghazal and Equatoria. In 1991, the ruling national congress party also introduced the federalism and again divided the whole Sudan into 26 States. This is how the Upper Nile State came into being.

 

UPPER NILE STATE

Administration Map

 

 

 

GEOGRAPHY;

Area; Being a one of the largest states in South Sudan, the total area of Upper Nile State is about 77,773km. It is bordering Jonglei in the South, unity in west, Sudan in the north and north west and Ethiopia in the east.

Population; According to the general census of the year 2008, the total population of Upper Nile State is approximately 964,353 persons. The most populated counties are Malakal, Nasir and Renk.

Climate; The climatic conditions in Upper Nile State is characterized by two seasons; dry and wet seasons. The dry season starts in November upto June, while the wet season begins in June up to October.

Ethnicity; Upper Nile State is well known of its diversity. Almost each an every tribe in South Sudan has its reprehensive in Upper Nile State, especially in the towns. The main ethnic groups inhabiting  the Upper Nile are; Nuer, Dinka, Shilluk Maban and Koma.


Capital;
Malakal is a cultural, political and commercial capital of the Upper Nile State. There are also Other Important Towns which include: Renk, Kodok, Nasser, Baliet, Maiwut, , Melut  and Tonga.

Counties;

Upper Nile is one of the largest states in south Sudan. This vast state is made up of thirteen counties and they include; Malakal, Nasser, Renk, Panyikang, Maban, Maiwut, Ulang, Baliet, Malut, Manyo, Fashoda, Lungechuk and Akoka

Resources;

Due to the availability of vast economic resources, Upper Nile is considered to be one of the richest states in the country. The most important economic resources in the state include;  Agriculture, animals ,African Gum, Oil and Fishery.

Religion;

Like any state in South Sudan The people of Upper Nile  believe in three religions; Christianity, Islam, and traditional religion. The Christianity is a religion majority, while  the Islam represent only 01% of the population.

Culture;

Upper Nile state is rich with so many rich cultures and traditions, among which are; initiation, marriage, removing the lower teeth.

In Nuer  and  some part of Dinka communities, initiation is  done by marking the forehead of the Young boy when he reached the age of fifteen .In Shilluk is done by putting the dots in the foreheads and  the main purpose to promote the boy from childhood to adulthood.

The in Nuer and Dinka the marriage is finalized after paying 35 or 40 cows to the in-laws, while in Shilluk is 11 cows and 20Goats.Maban is only tribe which is using money in the marriage.

Removing The lower teeth is almost common among the three tribes; Nuer, Dinka and Maban.The Shilluk ceased this practices long time ago.

Social Economic

All the tribes Upper Nile State are agro-Pastoral communities; they practice the subsistence agriculture as well as pastoralism.They keep animal such as cows, sheep, goats and Pigs. Rearing Pigs is common in only in Maban and Koma tribes. In Nuer and Dinka communities, having a good number of cows is consider as higher social prestige.

 

Traditional leadership;

Before the white man come to South Sudan, the four Upper Nile Tribes; Nuer, Dinka, Maban and Koma ruled themselves through traditional courts or influential elders. But after the coming of the white, the civil administrative courts became the means of ruling. While the shilluk  remained the only tribe that use the monarch system of rule   before and after the white.

 

THE  UPPER NILE STATE GOVERNMENT;

Governor; Major General Simon Kun Puoch

Deputy Governor;  Hon Andrea Maya Felo

Speaker; Hon.Chuol Chueli Arop

Deputy Speaker; Hon. Chuol Deb